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Mastering Group Voir Dire: Tip 7—Contrasting Important Viewpoints Within the Same Question

May 8th, 2018|

May 8, 2018 Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.             So far, our Tips series has focused on setting the stage for effective voir dire (Tip 1; Tip 2; and Tip 3), capitalizing on open-ended questions to increase our understanding of jurors (Tip 4), avoiding the “looking good” bias (Tip 5), and crafting questions with the “bad” answer in mind (Tip 6). Our next tip addresses asking questions that contrast important positions within the same question. (Click here to see a short video for this tip.) Contrasting Viewpoints or Positions             The primary goal of voir dire and jury selection is to

Mastering Group Voir Dire: Tip 6—Craft Questions With the “Bad??? Answer in Mind

February 9th, 2018|

February 8, 2018 Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.      So far, our Tips series has focused on setting the stage for effective voir dire (Tip 1; Tip 2; and Tip 3), capitalizing on open-ended questions to increase our understanding of jurors (Tip 4), and avoiding the “looking good” bias (Tip 5). Our next tip addresses potential “bad” answers and how to use them to ask better questions and get better overall results. (Click here to see a short video for this tip.) Bad Answers      Our goal in jury selection is to identify potentially unfavorable jurors whom we need to remove

Mastering Group Voir Dire: Tip 5—Avoid the “Looking Good??? Bias

June 13th, 2017|

June 7, 2017 Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.             The initial tips in our Tips series have focused on setting the stage for effective voir dire (Tip 1; Tip 2; and Tip 3) and capitalizing on open-ended questions (Tip 4) to increase our understanding of jurors.  Now I turn to a major problem in jury selection, the looking good bias, and how to avoid evoking it in jurors. (Click here to see a short video for this tip.) Looking Good Bias             The “looking good” bias (i.e., the socially desirable response bias) is an impression management strategy designed to portray a

Mastering Group Voir Dire: Tip 4—Capitalize on Open-Ended Questions

May 16th, 2017|

 May 16, 2017 Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.      So far in the Tips series, the focus has been on setting the stage for effective voir dire by (a) treating voir dire as a conversation with jurors (Tip 1); (b) using techniques that help jurors feel comfortable with speaking in court (Tip 2); and capitalizing on the initial hand-raising technique to encourage participation in the voir dire process (Tip 3).  I turn now to the nature of the questions themselves, in particular open-ended versus closed-ended questions.  While both of these formats have their place in a well-conducted voir dire, one format,

Mastering Group Voir Dire: Tip 3—Capitalize on Initial Hand-Raising

March 21st, 2017|

March 23, 2017 Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.      In the first two tips in our series, I focused on encouraging attorneys to treat voir dire as a conversation with jurors (Tip 1) and to use techniques that help jurors become comfortable with speaking at the beginning of voir dire (Tip 2).  But much, if not most, of voir dire questioning relies on having jurors raise their hands in response to your questions.  Such hand-raising may be an end in itself or, as in many cases, is the gateway for follow-up individual questioning.  Whether it is questioning in smaller groups (e.g.,

Mastering Group Voir Dire: Tip 2—Getting Jurors to Talk from the Start

July 29th, 2016|

August 2, 2016 Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.     Voir dire can be an intimidating situation for the attorney—but just think what it is like for the potential jurors. Answering questions, often of a personal nature, in open court, in front of their fellow jurors, the judge, attorneys, and even the media can make anyone nervous and reluctant to talk. But talk they must if we are to have a useful voir dire.  Sure, you can ask potential jurors questions and hope that you get everyone to talk.  And, of course, you have seen Tip 1 and are ready to have a conversation

Mastering Group Voir Dire: Tip 1—Adopting the Proper Orientation for the Voir Dire Setting

July 7th, 2016|

July 7, 2016 Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.      As I mentioned in the introduction to this series on Mastering Group Voir Dire, group voir dire is the most challenging format for questioning jurors and getting them to respond honestly and candidly. The first tip in our series focuses less on the jurors and more on the attorney who is conducting voir dire questioning.  It is the orientation or approach that the attorney takes to the questioning process that sets the tone for voir dire. (Click here to see a short video for this tip.)      How you approach voir dire

Trial Judges: Can We Talk?!—Supreme Court Case of Foster v. Chatman

June 13th, 2016|

June 13, 2016 Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.      I usually address my posts to attorneys with suggestions concerning jury issues.  But today, I want to address trial judges (and attorneys) in light of the recent decision in Foster v. Chatman, 136 S. Ct. 290 (2016), concerning the discriminatory use of peremptory challenges. Foster v. Chatman: Poster Child for Discriminatory Purpose      First, some basic facts. Timothy Foster, a black man, was convicted of capital murder in Georgia in 1987, months after the landmark Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986), decision banning discriminatory use of peremptory challenges based on race.  While

Announcing the Mastering Group Voir Dire Tips Series

March 7th, 2016|

March 7, 2016 Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D. Group voir dire is the most challenging format for questioning jurors and getting them to respond honestly and candidly. However, it is not hopeless. Over the course of this year, I will present a series of short tips on how you can conduct group voir dire more effectively and get the most out of this format.  I will address 10 tips using both blog posts and companion short, two-minute videos (check out the introduction here).  The tips will address the following topics:      Tip 1:  Adopting the Proper Orientation for the Voir Dire

When It Absolutely, Positively has to be . . . NOW?!!

November 30th, 2015|

Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D. Researching Potential Jurors During Voir Dire      In many, if not most, jurisdictions, the list of potential jurors is made available to the parties at some point before the day jury selection begins. As a trial consultant, I am often called upon to conduct research on potential jurors before trial. This research consists of general Internet searches and utilizing sources like social media (e.g., Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, and Instagram), news media, publicly available databases (e.g., political contributions, parties in civil lawsuits, housing values, and other public records, etc.), and any custom databases developed specifically for the